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Conte di Cavour Class Battleship

A port side view of the Conte di Cavour

“Cesare” and “Cavour” were built in 1912 and were the first units to be rebuilt in 1933. Work included improvement of artillery from 305 to 320mm caliber, substitution of engines and remodeling of shape. While “Cesare” and “Doria”originally belonged in the same class, differences in refitting was so great, that in WWII they were seen as different classes.

Andrea Doria Class Battleship

Andrea Doria

The Andrea Doria and Caio Duilio were initially built in 1915-1916. However, extensive modernization was completed between 1933 and 1940. Some modernizations included lengthening the ships by 11meters, reboring and rechambering of turrets for new rounds which weighed 493 lbs.

Littorio Class Battleship

The Littorio and Vittorio Veneto conducting gunnery exercises in 1940

During the Second World War, Italy had 5 Battleships. The Littorio (renamed Italia), Vittorio Veneto, Impero and Roma. These 41,400 ton Battleships boasted 15″ guns and a top speed of 31.4 knots.

Barbiano/Candorna Class Light Cruiser

Bartolomeo Colleoni

These two classes were practically identical and built within two years of each other in the 1930’s. They were unbalanced units with limited protection, with better belt armor but was still considered too “light” and full of defects.

Montecuccoli Class Light Cruiser

Raimondo Montecuccoli

The Montecuccoli gave a good service in the war. Attendolo was bombed in Napoli harbor by an American air strike and never repaired due to lack of time and resources.