The Regio Esercito struck out on the attack shortly into the opening of the conflict. The Italian Second Army was assigned with Italy’s initial assault. They moved with great speed and quickly overcame Yugoslavian land defenses. They were pitted against the Yugoslav 7th army, and in most areas faced light to medium resistance.
The Italian armed forces were faced with a conflict between theories of employment. They had historically been structured for deployment in the mountainous terrain found in Italy and her immediate neighbors. These forces were forced to adapt themselves to a colonial role, and, even more conflicting, to the “War of Rapid Decision.”