Despite the name Battle of Cape Matapan, the actual fighting was not on Cape Matapan but out to sea in several locations.
The Regio Esercito struck out on the attack shortly into the opening of the conflict. The Italian Second Army was assigned with Italy’s initial assault. They moved with great speed and quickly overcame Yugoslavian land defenses. They were pitted against the Yugoslav 7th army, and in most areas faced light to medium resistance.