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Italian Invasion Of Greece 1940-41: Part One

The Julia Alpini Division on the march into battle.

The Italian invasion of Greece was made in such an unfathomably rushed and off-handed manner and based on little more than anger, greed, poor assumptions, and ignorance.

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Italian Army of 1940: Facilitator or Victim of Mussolini’s Failed War Strategy? Part Two

Mussolini reviewing troops

In the early 1920s the worldwide reputation of the Italian Army was in good standing, and it was considered as modern an army as there was.

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Italian Military of 1940: Facilitator or Victim of Mussolini’s Failed War Strategy?

Meeting Betwen Mussolini, Hitler, Ciano and Von Ribbentrop  Picture Courtesy of WW2Total.com.

The true question when searching to elucidate the performance of the Italian military, one that is scarcely discussed, is if it’s state of disorder was the cause or the effect of the nation’s ruination. In other words, did the uneven military performance cause the collapse of the nation, or was it merely the expression of a society and government that was already teetering on the precipice of implosion?

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Prewar Years

King Zog and Ciano

Mussolini was well aware that Chancellor Dollfuss was murdered by Nazi operatives. He then made two bold steps. He ordered Italian troops mobilized on the Austrian border and sent a wire telegram to Austria promising Italy’s help in the defense of her independence.

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