The fiercest fighting that would occur between the Italian and German forces took place in the defense of Rome, particularly to the south.
Italian military armistice signed at Fairfield Camp, Sicily, September 3, 1943. Immediate transfer of the Italian Fleet and Italian aircraft to such points as may be designated by the Allied Commander in Chief, with details of disarmament to be prescribed by him.
The Allies intended to propose an Italian surrender in 2 parts, known as the Short Terms and Long Terms. Both parts had been prepared in advance by both a British and American Commission.
Employment and Disposition of Italian Fleet and Merchant Marine (Cunningham-de Courten Agreement); September 23, 1943
The armistice having been signed between the Head of the Italian Government and the Allied Commander -in-Chief under which all Italian warships and the Italian Mercantile Marine were placed unconditionally at the disposal of the United Nations.