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King Vittorio Emanuele III of Italy

King Vittorio Emmanuele III

King Vittorio Emanuele III did not support Mussolini personally, but he did nothing to stop Mussolini from wielding a power over the military.

Benito Mussolini

Portrait of Benito Mussolini

Benito Mussolini managed to assume the powers of all the government offices in order to regain control of the economy.

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Gian Galeazzo Ciano

Ciano waving to the public in Yugoslavia

Gian Galeazzo Ciano was born in Livorno, Italy on 18 March 1903. He was the son of Admiral Costanzo Ciano, who had won the medal of honor in World War I. Ciano inherited the dreams and ideals of his father and eventually moved to Rome to pursue his career.

Umberto di Savoia principe del Piemonte

Umberto di Savoia principe del Piemonte

He was promoted Marshal on October 29, 1942. He became King of Italy as Umberto II on May 10, 1946 after the abdication of his father. But when the Italians voted in a referendum to transform their state into a Republic, he had to vacate the throne and left for exile in Switzerland. He died in Geneva on March 18, 1983.