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Field Marshal Pietro Badoglio

Marshal Pietro Badoglio

He remained in the background until the downfall of Mussolini on July 25, 1943 which he helped engineer. Badoglio then became Prime Minister of Italy and quickly arranged for an armistice with the Allies on September 3rd. On September 8th, Italy surrendered unconditionally. Badoglio dissolved the Fascist Party and declared war on Germany on October 13, 1943.

Air Marshal Italo Balbo


When Germany invaded Poland, Balbo rushed to Rome to show his disappointment and disagreement with the warmongering policy of the Duce. Balbo said that the Fascist hierarchy had become the German’s shoe-shiners, and Mussolini struck back saying that Balbo was a “democratic pig”.

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Field Marshal Ettore Bastico

Field Marshal Ettore Bastico

On July 19, 1941, he was named governor of Libya and commander of all troops on the North African Theater. He also had nominal command over Rommels troops.

Junio Valerio Borghese

Junio Valerio Borghese

These attacks proved so successful, that King Victor Emmanuel knighted the ‘Black Prince’. Borghese eventually departed his beloved Scire, and began to concentrate on a human torpedo attack of New York City. This plan almost materialized, if not for the Italian armistice.

Field Marshal Ugo Cavallero

Ugo Cavallero

Cavallero became Chief of General Staff on 6 December 1940, after the resigning of Field Marshal Badoglio due to his disappointing command of the war. He also became Commander of Italian Forces fighting against Greece on 30 December 1940. Thanks to his organizational ability, he rationalized the situation and stopped the Greek counter-offensive in January 1941.