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Armistice – Instrument of Surrender II

The Allies intended to propose an Italian surrender in 2 parts, known as the Short Terms and Long Terms. Both parts had been prepared in advance by both a British and American Commission.

Military armistice signed at Fairfield Camp, Sicily, September 3, 1943

Entered into force September 3, 1943

Supplemented by memorandum of agreement of September 23, 1943, as amended, and by instrument of surrender of September 29, 1943, as amended

Terminated September 15, 1947, upon entry into force of treaty of peace of February 10,1947

61 Stat. 2740

Treaties and Other International Acts Series 1604

FAIRFIELD CAMP SICILY September 3,1943

The following conditions of an Armistice are presented by General Dwight D. Eisenhower,

Commander-in-Chief of the Allied Forces,

acting by authority of the Governments of the United States and Great Britain and in the interest of the United Nations, and are accepted by Marshal Pietro Badoglio Head of the Italian Government

1. Immediate cessation of all hostile activity by the Italian armed forces.

2. Italy will use its best endeavors to deny, to the Germans, facilities that might be used against the United Nations.

3. All prisoners or internees of the United Nations to be immediately turned over to the Allied Commander in Chief, and none of these may now or at any time be evacuated to Germany.

4. Immediate transfer of the Italian Fleet and Italian aircraft to such points as may be designated by the Allied Commander in Chief, with details of disarmament to be prescribed by him.

5. Italian merchant shipping may be requisitioned by the Allied Commander in Chief to meet the needs of his military-naval program.

6. Immediate surrender of Corsica and of all Italian territory, both islands and mainland, to the Allies, for such use as operational bases and other purposes as the Allies may see fit.

7. Immediate guarantee of the free use by the Allies of all airfields and naval ports in Italian territory, regardless of the rate of evacuation of the Italian territory by the German forces. These ports and fields to be protected by Italian armed forces until this function is taken over by the Allies.

8. Immediate withdrawal to Italy of Italian armed forces from all participation in the current war from whatever areas in which they may be now engaged.

9. Guarantee by the Italian Government that if necessary it will employ all its available armed forces to insure prompt and exact compliance with all the provisions of this armistice.

10. The Commander in Chief of the Allied Forces reserves to himself the right to take any measure which in his opinion may be necessary for the protection of the interests of the Allied Forces for the prosecution of the war, and the Italian Government binds itself to take such administrative or other action as the Commander in Chief may require, and in particular the Commander in Chief will establish Allied Military Government over such parts of Italian territory as he may deem necessary in the military interests of the Allied Nations.

11. The Commander in Chief of the Allied Forces will have a full right to impose measures of disarmament, demobilization, and demilitarization.

12. Other conditions of a political, economic and financial nature with which Italy will be bound to comply will be transmitted at a later date.

The conditions of the present Armistice will not be made public without prior approval of the Allied Commander in Chief. The English will be considered the official text.

MARSHAL PIETRO BADOGLIO Head of Italian Government

By: GUISEPPE CASTEI.LANO Brigadier General, attached to The Italian High Command

Present:

Rt. Hon. Harold Macmillan British Resident Minister, A.F.H.Q

Robert Murphy Personal Representative of the President of the United States

Royer Dick Commodore, R.N. Chief of Staff to the C. in C. Med.

DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER General, U.S. Army, Commander in Chief, Allied Forces

By: WALTER B. SMITH Major General, U.S. Army, Chief of Staff

Lowell W. Rooks Major General, U.S. Army Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3 A.F.H.Q.

Franco Montanari Official Italian Interpreter

Brigadier Kenneth Strong Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3 A.F.H.Q.

Source: Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949 Compiled under the direction of Charles I. Bevans LL.B. Assistant Legal Advisor Department of State Volume 3 Multilateral 1931-1945 Department of State Publication 8484 Washington, DC : Government Printing Office, 1969 USMARC Cataloging Record WWII Page Italy Page 20th Century Page Avalon Home Page © 1998 The Avalon Project. William C. Fray and Lisa A. Spar, Co-Directors. The Avalon Project : Armistice with Italy; September 3, 1943 was last modified on: 09/14/1999 12:26:22

Special thanks to the Avalon Project at the Yale Law School for allowing me to post these documents.